endometrial ablation

the removal of the entire endometrium by means of an ablative technique under hysteroscopic control, usually performed as a day case or in a specialized out-patient clinic. It is an alternative to the more traditional hysterectomies that were undertaken for the relief of menorrhagia. Methods for hysteroscopic endometrial ablation introduced in the 1980s included Nd:YAG (neodymium:yttrium–aluminium–garnet) laser ablation, transcervical resection of the endometrium (TCRE), and rollerball electrocoagulation (RBE). These first-generation procedures remain the gold standard for the hysteroscopic treatment of menorrhagia. Since the 1990s, the second generation of hysteroscopic ablation techniques have been developed. These include balloon thermal coagulation, in which a heated balloon is inserted into the uterus and destroys the endometrium; and microwave endometrial ablation (MEA), which vaporizes the endometrial tissue. About 75% of women obtain satisfactory improvement in their symptoms after these procedures.

The new mediacal dictionary. 2014.

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  • Endometrial ablation — is a medical procedure that is used to remove (ablate) or destroy the endometrial lining of a woman s uterus. This technique is most often employed for women who suffer from excessive or prolonged bleeding during their menstrual cycle but can not …   Wikipedia

  • Endometrial ablation — Removal of the lining of the womb. Removing the uterine lining decreases menstrual flow or stops it completely. The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus (womb), the uterine lining which is normally shed monthly in response to the hormonal …   Medical dictionary

  • microwave endometrial ablation — see endometrial ablation …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Ablation — Removal or excision. Ablation is usually carried out surgically. For example, surgical removal of the thyroid gland (a total thyroidectomy) is ablation of the thyroid. The word ablation comes from the Latin ablatum meaning to carry away.… …   Medical dictionary

  • ablation — n. the removal or destruction of tissue, a part of the body, or an abnormal growth. For example, ablation therapy is an alternative to surgery for the treatment of breast cancer; it allows accurate targeting of tumours guided by MR scanning. See… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Endometrial hyperplasia — A condition characterized by overgrowth of the lining of the uterus. Hyperplasia means overgrowth. The endometrium is the inner layer of the uterus. * * * an increase in the thickness of the cells of the endometrium, usually due to prolonged… …   Medical dictionary

  • endometrial hyperplasia — an increase in the thickness of the cells of the endometrium, usually due to prolonged exposure to unopposed oestrogen, which can be endogenous, as in anovular menstrual cycles; or exogenous, deriving, for example, from hormone replacement… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Ablation, endometrial — Removal of the lining of the womb. Removing the uterine lining decreases menstrual flow or stops it completely. Ablation means removal or excision, usually surgically. The word comes from the Latin ablatum meaning to carry away. The endometrium… …   Medical dictionary

  • УДАЛЕНИЕ СЛОЯ ЭНДОМЕТРИЯ — (endometrial ablation) удаление эндометрия с помощью лазера (laser ablation); для этого используется специальный тип лазера с неодим иттрий алюминийгранатовой активной средой ( Nd:YAG laser), с помощью которого осуществляется локальное разрушение …   Толковый словарь по медицине

  • Uterine fibroid — Uterine fibroids Classification and external resources Uterine Fibroids ICD 10 D25 …   Wikipedia

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